Scoliosis is a medical condition that causes a person's spine to become curved from side to side.

Scoliosis is a medical condition that causes a person’s spine to become curved from side to side.

Scoliosis Overview

Scoliosis is a disorder that results in an abnormal curvature of the spine. Patients with scoliosis often have spines that curve to the sides of the body and form an S shape or a C shape.

Scoliosis Risk Factors & Causes

Scoliosis is hereditary; the children of individuals with scoliosis are more likely to develop scoliosis. The cause of most cases of scoliosis is unknown (idiopathic).

Common Scoliosis Types

Functional scoliosis – This occurs when an otherwise normal spine develops and abnormal curve because of another issue in the body, e.g. one leg being shorter than the other.
Neuromuscular scoliosis – This occurs when there is a problem during the formation of the spinal bones. For example the vertebral bones may fail form correctly or completely or become fused during development. When scoliosis is diagnosed at birth it is known as congenital scoliosis.
Degenerative scoliosis

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